WHAT THE FUCK THIS IS THE SADDEST THING I HAVE EVER SEEN IN MY FUCKING LIFE NO GET OUT OMG I’M CRYING
This is one of those ideas where some person was like “Hehe, this might be silly.” And then struck fucking gold.
Movies directed by Mamoru Hosoda
what if your phobias are based off how you died in a past life
A loaf of bread made in the first century AD, which was discovered at Pompeii, preserved for centuries in the volcanic ashes of Mount Vesuvius. The markings visible on the top are made from a Roman bread stamp, which bakeries were required to use in order to mark the source of the loaves, and to prevent fraud. (via Ridiculously Interesting)
(sigh) I’ve seen these before, but this one’s particularly beautiful.
I feel like I’m supposed to be marveling over the fact that this is a loaf of bread that’s been preserved for thousands of years, and don’t get me wrong, that’s hella cool. But honestly, I’m mostly struck by the unexpected news that “bread fraud” was apparently once a serious concern.
Bread Fraud was a huge thing, Bread was provided to the Roman people by the government - bakers were given grain to make the free bread, but some of them stole the government grain to use in other baked goods and would add various substitutes, like sawdust or even worse things, to the bread instead. So if people complained that their free bread was not proper bread, the stamp told them exactly whose bakery they ought to burn down.
Bread stamps continued to be used at least until the Medieval period in Europe. Any commercially sold bread had to be stamped with an official seal to identify the baker to show that it complied with all rules and regulations about size, price, and quality. This way, rotten or undersized loaves could be traced back to the baker. Bakers could be pilloried, sent down the streets in a hurdle cart with the offending loaf tied around their neck, fined, or forbidden to engage in baking commercially ever again in that city. There are records of a baker in London being sent on a hurdle cart because he used an iron rod to increase the weight of his loaves, and another who wrapped rotten dough with fresh who was pilloried. Any baker hurdled three times had to move to a new city if they wanted to continue baking.
If you have made bread, you are probably familiar with a molding board. It’s a flat board used to shape the bread. Clever fraudsters came up with a molding board that had a little hole drilled into it that wasn’t easily noticed. A customer would buy his dough by weight, and then the baker would force some of that dough through the hole, so they could sell and underweight loaf and use the stolen dough to bake new loafs to sell. Molding boards ended up being banned in London after nine different bakers were caught doing this. There were also instances of grain sellers withholding grain to create an artificial scarcity drive up the price of that, and things like bread.
Bread, being one of the main things that literally everyone ate in many parts of the world, ended up with a plethora of rules and regulations. Bakers were probably no more likely to commit fraud than anyone else, but there were so many of them, that we ended up with lots and lots of rules and records of people being shifty.
Check out Fabulous Feasts: Medieval Cookery and Ceremony by Madeleine Pelner Cosman for a whole chapter on food laws as they existed in about 1400. Plus the color plates are fantastic.
Yeah it dates to at least the French Revolution and the early industrial revolution
here, have some childhood nostalgia
whAT THE FUCK
YOURE NOT ALLOWED TO DO THAT
LITERALLY SCREAMING. I SPAT MY DRINK ALL OVER MY SCREEN. this is so wonderful. ohmyjesus.
two grown up girls crying here as they recognized eVERY FUCKING SINGLE SONG OMGS
I FEEL OLD IM 16 I SHOULDN’T FEEL OLD
i want this when i graduate! yes this is now my graduation track
i lost it at the rugrats
AHHHH MY FAVORITES
now i have to go back and watch all of these shows again OH MY GOSH
Lost my shit at Catdog.
I LOST IT AT DANNY PHANTOM HOLY CRAP
so in my new apartment there’s a random hole in the wall, just big enough for a drake bell shrine
There’s a Satanic Coloring Book for Kids - more pics.
charlie is god/chuck based on this post [x]
Oh MY JESUS LORD ALL THE YES YES THIS
Chuck is Charlie who is God. SO DONE YES. YES. YES.
Wait shit, I think she is.
Didn’t Joshua say that God asked Dean to stop bothering him, and didn’t Charlie tell Sam and Dean not to bother her. She brought up Chuck and the Winchester Gospels for the first time in a while during the promo. Also, Chuck is a nickname for Charlie/Charles.
can this please be the truth? please? it’s so fucking great and i cannot believe it hadn’t occurred to me until this post. it just makes so much sense.
if this is true, that means God is now a nerdy lesbian.
I’m accepting this as cannon and the only way I’ll let it go is if you pry it from my cold dead hands.
God must really like chics, cause in both people God is interested in them
A mother’s worst nightmare.
She was preaching
this gave me chills
Black woman who lost her son just preached on systemic racism, antiblackness, Black ppls internalized self-hatred and white supremacy.
But some of y’all missed it
There are wonderful people in this world…it’s just really hard to find them
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